Spanish Grammar Lesson and the Verbs “Ser” and “Estar”
The makes use of of Ser and Estar
In case you want to recognize how to talk Spanish it’s miles vital that you apprehend this topicof Spanish grammar. Even though the verbs ser and estar are equal to the verb to be in English, the meanings and makes use of for ser and estar vary significantly in Spanish. If you want to clarify the ideal makes use of for these verbs, this lesson explains the makes use of for every verb, and how they range.For more info you can check that spanish language programs online
Ser (to be)
Before we provide an explanation for the one-of-a-kind uses for ser, let’s evaluation the conjugations for ser within the gift and imperfect tenses.
Yo soy (i’m) nosotros somos (we are)
Tú eres (you’re) ellos son (they’re)
él es (he’s) ellas son (they may be)
Ella es (she is) ustedes son (they are)
Usted es (you’re)
Yo technology (i used to be, became) nosotros éramos (we was once, were)
Tú eras (you used to be, had been) ellos eran (they was, have been)
él technology (he changed into) ellas eran (they was, had been)
Ella generation (she was, were) ustedes eran (you was once, had been)
Usted generation (you was once, have been)
Makes use of for Ser:
The most essential thing that have to be understood about ser is that it embodies the element of the verb to be that it is precise, everlasting, unchangeable, or inherent. Because of this, in Spanish ser is used to explain humans, professions, persona elements, time, and nationalities.
Each particular use for ser is defined underneath:
A. To specific someone, area, or issue’s bodily trait, personality, nationality, career, or inherent condition.
Bodily developments of human beings and items:
Jorge es alto. (Jorge is tall.)
Doris generation flaca. (Doris changed into skinny.)
Los angeles madre de Juan es bonita. (Juanita’s mom is pretty.)
Los angeles catedral es grande y vieja. (The cathedral is big and antique.)
Lima es una ciudad Peruana. (Lima is a Peruvian town.)
Los angeles manzana es roja. (The apple is pink.)
Don Julio ya no es joven. Es anciano.
(Mr. Julio is not young. He is a senior citizen.)
Yo soy Colombiana. (i’m Colombian.)
Tomasina generation Dominicana. (Tomasina was Dominican/changed into a Dominican citizen.)
Él es hispano. (he’s latino.)
Juan y Carla son inteligentes. (Juan and Carla are sensible.)
Los muchachos eran tímidos. (the men had been timid.)
Mariana generation humilde. (Mariana turned into humble.)
Tú eres honesta. (you’re sincere.)
Tulia es una doctora famosa. (Tulia is a famous health practitioner.)
Mi abuelo era alcalde. (My grandfather turned into mayor.)
Ellos son profesores. (they’re professors.)
Somos choferes. (we are drivers.)
Éramos choferes, pero ahora somos gerentes.
(We were drivers, but now we are managers.)
B. Ser is likewise used to express possession or the beginning of an object. With this precise use, the verb ser is normally followed by way of de (of).
As an example:
Este reloj es de Inglaterra. (This watch is from England.)
El cuaderno es de Raquel. (The notebook is Raquel’s.)
Los angeles computadora de Roberto es de Alemania. (Roberto’s computer is from Germany.)
C. Ser is always used to specific the time. As an instance:
¿Qué hora es? (What time is it?)
Son las siete y cuarto. (it’s miles seven fifteen.)
D. Ser is also used for commonplace impersonal expressions in Spanish related to time.
Es tarde. (it is late.)
Es temprano. (it’s far early.)
Es de noche. (it’s far night time.)
Estar (to be)
In Spanish, the verb estar is used to explicit what’s more brief, and changeable in comparison to ser.
Permit’s evaluate the conjugations for estar within the gift and imperfect tenses:
Yo estoy (i’m) nosotros estámos (we are)
Tú estás (you are) ellos están (they’re)
él está (he is) ellas están (they may be)
Ella está (she is) ustedes están (they are)
Usted está (you’re)
Yo estaba (i used to be, was) nosotros estábamos (we was, have been)
Tú estabas (you was once, had been) ellos estaban (they used to be, had been)
él estaba (he changed into) ellas estaban (they was, had been)
Ella estaba (she was once, have been) ustedes estaban (you was once, were)
Usted estaba (you was, were)
Makes use of for Estar:
In comparison to the permanence expressed in ser, estar is used to specific situations, components, and trends which could exchange at any time.
Each particular use for estar is explained under:
A. To explicit emotions or feelings for a specific moment.
Juan Carlos está feliz hoy. (Juan Carlos is glad today.)
Yo estoy satisfecha con mi trabajo. (i am satisfied with my job.)
Marta estaba triste cuando hablé con ella. (Marta was unhappy after I spoke with her.)
*It should be noted that within the above examples, the use of estar stresses the temporal nature of the feelings defined. However, if one desires to describe a person’s nature as being glad, or unhappy, the verb ser is then used; as it reflects a more permanent persona trait.
For example, the above instance should trade from:
Juan Carlos está feliz hoy. (Juan Carlos is glad today.)
Juan Carlos es una character feliz. (Juan Carlos is a glad character.)
B. To explicit a transient or unintended thing of a person, location, or component that may exchange.
This includes one’s nation of fitness.
El café está frio. (The espresso is bloodless.)
Marcos está en el parque. (Marcos is inside the park.)
Mi cuaderno está en l. A. Escuela. (My notebook is at college.)
Milagros está enferma. (Milagros is ill.)
¿Cómo está usted? (How are you?)
C. To express region.
¿Dónde está el museo? (wherein is the museum?)
El museo está en l. A. Calle Federal. (The museum is on Federal road.)
¿Dónde está el banco? (in which is the financial institution?)
El banco está lejos de aquí. (The bank is far from right here.)
Now that we’ve got examined the exclusive makes use of for ser and estar, let’s attempt some physical activities.
Translate the following into Spanish. The solutions follow the exercising.
1. Pablo is wise.
2. The water is warm.
3. Where are the kids?
4. We had been correct students.
5. It is twelve noon.
6. We are very glad these days.
7. They’re Mexican.
8. They’re in Mexico.
9. She is in the medical institution.
10. The medical institution is in San Diego.
1. Pablo es inteligente.
2. El agua está caliente.
3. ¿Dónde están los niños?
4. Éramos estudiantes buenos.
5. Son las doce del medio día.
6. Estamos contentos hoy.
7. Ellos son Mexicanos.
8. Ellos están en México.
9. Ella está en el medical institution.
10. El hospital está en San Diego.